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Kolkata-the cultural capital of India Print E-mail
Written by kusum   
Tuesday, 31 January 2012 04:39

Popularly known as the ‘social and cultural capital of India’, Kolkata is famous for its rich and vibrant culture. Here the days begin with a cup of tea after which people leave from their houses to enjoy the morning breeze. They carry out their fitness workout consisting of walking, jogging, stretching etc which ends again with a chat over a cup of tea .


Para culture

The ‘adda culture’ is a significant feature of the Kolkata culture. People in every para or locality indulge in adda—the Bengali version of leisurely chat. Discussions take place on a wide variety of subjects ranging from politics, sports, religion, news, books, art, films, music, food etc. The discussions are healthy and never end with arguments or an ugly note. People living in a para are proud of it. Each para has a committee which also looks into the necessities of the people living in the para and also hold various cultural programs and sports meet.


Drama culture:

Drama and theatres are essential parts of the Bengali culture. There are big and small theatre groups in the city featuring large outdoor stage plays. Whether in the form of jatra (a kind of folk-theatre), theatres and Group Theatres, the city has a tradition of dramas. Recognized for its Bengali cinema industry fondly called as "Tollywood", and for its art films Kolkata has to its list the world famous names in film industry like Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen, Tapan Sinha and Ritwik Ghatak as well as contemporary directors such as Aparna Sen and Rituparno Ghosh..


Classical music:

Music and dances are also integral parts of the Bengali culture. Bengalis are closely associated with Rabindra Sangeet, Rabindra Nritya Natya (songs and song-dance sequences composed by Tagore) and Nazrul Geeti (songs by Kazi Nazrul Islam). Folk dances and songs are also popular in the city. The city is also noted for its appreciation of Indian classical music and the rich literary tradition set by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Rabindranath Tagore, Jibanananda Das, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, Samaresh Basu, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay and Buddhadev Guha among others.



Bengalis love to indulge in yummy food. In fact, every meal here ends up with some delicious dessert. For people who love eating junk food, Calcutta is just an apt place. The traditional cusine of kolkata is rice and macher jhol (fish curry), with rasgulla, and mishti doi (sweet yoghurt) as dessert.



Buildings adorned with Gothic, Baroque, Roman, Oriental and Indo-Islamic (including Mughal) motifs make the "City of Palaces" dotted with "heritage structures". The National Library of India is India's leading public library.

Cultural diversity, exotic, vibrant, revolutionary heritage are features that prevail in the culture of Kolkata. Kolkata’s rich culture and artistic thought among people has made it an appropriate place for cultural-meditation (sadhana). Kolkata is proud to give birth to the jewel of Modern Indian literature Rabindranath Tagore. People of Kolkata belong to diverse and ethnic social backgrounds. Festivals in a multidimensional scale are observed with spiritual ecstasy. The city becomes a lively place during Durga Puja (a Hindu festival) when the sound of Dhak, Dhunuchi nachh, the mild fragrance of Shiuli, gives a familiar tug in every Bengali heart.

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 31 January 2012 05:10


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